More than 350 million people worldwide suffer from arthritis, in which cartilage and ligaments are damaged, and this can cause pain, stiffness and limit the person’s range of motion.
And the journal Nutrition published a new study that analyzed diets with anti-inflammatory properties to assess their effect on arthritis symptoms.
Mediterranean, vegetarian and ketogenic diets have long been associated with reduced inflammation.
The study indicated that a common feature of anti-inflammatory diets is the preference for fruits and vegetables, as they contain foods rich in antioxidants that reduce inflammation and provide a number of other health benefits.
According to the study, avoiding inflammatory foods — such as red and white meat — is highly beneficial, and “highly processed foods containing sugar or salt can worsen inflammation.”
She explained that osteoporosis is more common in people with high cholesterol, noting that lowering its levels can help relieve the symptoms of this type of arthritis.
Some foods, such as oily fish, contain cholesterol-lowering and anti-inflammatory properties.
The British Dietetic Association (BDA) recommends that people with arthritis eat fatty fish or take fish oil supplements at least once a week.
The study emphasizes the need to pay attention to weight, as it is another nutritional consideration that affects arthritis.
Excess fat can exacerbate inflammation, and being overweight puts more pressure on the joints and causes pain.
Changes in your eating habits can help you lose weight.
The BDA says regular exercise combined with healthy eating may be the best way to reduce joint pain if you’re overweight.
The National Health Service (NHS) recommends regular exercise in addition to maintaining a healthy diet.
The study indicates that excessive or the wrong type of exercise can make symptoms worse, so it is recommended that you consult your doctor to determine the right type and level of exercise.
It can also help to try different ways to warm up and cool down to make sure you don’t injure yourself, and doing good and frequent exercise can reduce pain, prevent stiffness and increase your range of motion.
A doctor or dietitian can provide more detailed advice specific to your circumstances, and they may be able to diagnose vitamin deficiencies that make symptoms worse.
Vitamin D deficiency has been reported to impair bone and cartilage health and can be treated with supplements.
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