Winter can aggravate arthritis symptoms, leading to aggravation of pain and inflammation.
A new study, published in the journal Nutrients, analyzed several diets with anti-inflammatory properties to assess their effect on arthritis symptoms. Mediterranean, vegetarian and ketogenic diets have been linked to reduced inflammation. A common feature of these anti-inflammatory diets is a preference for fruits and vegetables. These foods are rich in antioxidants that reduce inflammation and provide a number of other health benefits.
Avoiding inflammatory foods such as red and white meat is also beneficial.
Highly processed foods containing sugar or salt can exacerbate inflammation.
Osteoporosis is also more common in people with high cholesterol.
Lowering cholesterol levels can relieve the symptoms of this type of arthritis.
Some foods, such as oily fish, contain cholesterol-lowering and anti-inflammatory properties.
The British Dietetic Association (BDA) recommends that people with arthritis eat fatty fish or take fish oil supplements once a week. Another nutritional consideration that affects arthritis is your overall weight.
Excess fat can exacerbate inflammation, and being overweight can put more strain on the joints, exacerbating pain.
Changes in your eating habits can help you lose weight.
The BDA recommends that regular exercise combined with healthy eating may be the best way to reduce joint pain if you are overweight.
The NHS recommends regular exercise in addition to a healthy diet.
Excessive or the wrong type of exercise can make symptoms worse, so they recommend consulting your doctor to determine the right type and level of exercise.
It may also help to try different methods of warming up and cooling down to make sure you don’t injure yourself.
Doing appropriate and frequent exercise can reduce pain, prevent stiffness and increase your range of motion.